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Peru - or the Republic of Peru - is a country in western South America. Peru is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean as well as by the countries of Brazil, Columbia, Chile, Ecuador and Bolivia. The capital of Peru is Lima. Lima is the fourth largest city in the Americas (North and South America), behind São Paulo, Mexico City and New York. Almost a third of all Peruvian people live in Lima. Nearly 30 million people live in Peru.
The main spoken language in Peru is Spanish, although many Peruvians speak native Peruvian languages. Peru used to be part of the Spanish Empire, but Peru became independent in 1821 after the Peruvian War of Independence. Peru's main exports are copper, gold, zinc and textiles.
Ceviche is a popular dish in Peru. Ceviche is a seafood dish, made from raw fish marinated in lemon and lime and spiced with chilli peppers. Ceviche must be prepared and eaten fresh, and is served with side dishes such as avocado, sweet potato and corn.
The most famous tourist attraction in Peru is Machu Picchu. Machu Picchu is a 15th century Inca site - sometimes known as the Lost City of the Incas. Machu Picchu means Old Mountain or Old Peak in the Quechua native Indian language. In 2007 Machu Picchu was voted as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Machu Picchu is located on a mountain ridge 2430 metres above sea level.
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